How Ammbr Empowers People

A largely unchallenged assumption is that the Internet can change people’s lives. However, it is very important to question this assumption and understand exactly how this technology, that most of us take for granted, changes the way we live, work, communicate and touches almost every other aspect of our lives.

“We know that, for every one person who gets access to the Internet, one new job gets created, and one person gets lifted out of poverty. So in theory, going and connecting everyone on the Internet is a large national and even global priority.”       -Mark Zuckerberg

Discussing the power of Internet access is very difficult to put into words, but the Ammbr Whitepaper, published last year, summarises the various advantages of connectivity as follows:

“Ever since the Internet as we know it today began in 1993, the world has changed considerably as a direct result of the widespread adoption of this disruptive communication network. Messages could be sent and received in a matter of seconds, information could be found in the blink of an eye, and out-of-home activities such as shopping could be done completely in-home. While in 2018, the Internet plays a role in virtually every angle of the lives of individuals in developed nations; it still remains the case for some population segments that the Internet is not available to them at all.”

From this, we can derive a simple hypothesis: People that have uninterrupted access to the Internet have more privileges than people who do not. The axiomatic conclusion, therefore, is that the Internet is a catalyst for prosperity. This is not to say that, if you can give a person access to the Internet, they will simply pull themselves out of the so-called poverty cycle and their lives will change overnight. However, socioeconomic struggles are the result of numerous factors, operating simultaneously in a state of chaos. They are singular components of an engine powering the wheel that drives the deeply entrenched inequalities that are prevalent in the global order. The Internet can be used as a tool to tackle a number of these challenges and, if correctly applied, users can pump the brakes to stop the vehicle.

In the 2016 OECD report on the “Economic and social benefits of internet openness”, the various advantages of Internet “openness” are effectively split into two categories: economic benefits and social benefits. For the former, Internet access serves as a great facilitator for International trade, innovation and entrepreneurship, and improved macroeconomic performance. For the later, Internet openness enables many opportunities for enriching social wellbeing, such as communication with family, access to educational resources, healthcare, the exchange of knowledge, ideas and interests, the ability to passively receive information, as well as a greater capacity for freedom of expression.

Economically, the Internet is an incredible platform for both small and big businesses. Any person looking to start a business will have access to resources that will help him or her get their business off the ground. They can learn how to write up a business plan and use social media platforms to grow their brands and improve exposure. It is also easier to connect with prospective clients or investors. For better-established businesses, Internet access makes it possible to extend the business’ reach to an international market. It makes it easier for suppliers to connect with existing consumers who are located beyond the borders of the supplier’s home country (or countries) and by improving logistics control. These factors stimulate a flourishing market with increased competition and lower barriers to entry. The creativity, cost savings, and new business models enabled by the Internet’s openness can reveal themselves at the macroeconomic level through boosts to productivity and growth. And such changes have a ripple effect that perpetuates prosperity throughout the market as a whole.

In developing nations, the Internet can facilitate development. In even the most disadvantaged populations around the world, there is a business opportunity and an individual or group of people that have the capacity to take advantage of said opportunities. Even someone that conducts the simplest of business operations, like street vendors, can make their businesses “searchable” and attract additional customers. They can learn the basics of stocktaking or bookkeeping. Whatever it may be, there is potential for growth, and increased revenues and profit margins.

Increased economic prosperity has an automatic knockoff effect in terms of social benefits, such as a reduction in crime, because many crimes are well known to be a result of economic hardship. There are several other subsequent positive effects of improved economic status, such as greater awareness of environmental impacts. There is a greater propensity to take action on more sustainable approaches to individual consumption and waste management. Many plaudits, in fact, propose that the best way to tackle climate change is to eradicate poverty.

Furthermore, the knock-on social effects will be augmented by various other functions that the Internet can facilitate. One of them is education. E-learning can reduce the cost and increase the availability and quality of education in developing and developed countries alike.

The way that the Internet can revolutionise our approach to education is astounding. Improving education systems, while opening access, is paramount to improving lives and lifting people out of poverty.

Healthcare can benefit from the Internet in a very similar manner. Access to healthcare, especially in far-flung rural areas, where the nearest hospitals are several hours away by car (if you’re lucky enough to own one), is an issue all over the world. Telemedicine, the use of telecommunication and information technology to provide clinical health care from a distance, is starting to gain traction as a means to overcome distance barriers and to improve access to medical services. And, in the not-so-distant future, there’s a possibility that it won’t even be a human that gives patients health advice, but artificially intelligent platforms that are available at all times. Similar disruptive technologies like remote surgery, enabled by advances in robotics, can also be enabled through access to the Internet, but it is difficult to predict the future and telemedicine on its own already has the power to cause massive disruption and make quality healthcare accessible to all.

Finally, there is the positive effect that Internet connectivity can have on democratic principles. Through the free exchange of ideas, access to information and a greater capacity to freely express oneself, core pillars of a successful democracy are upheld. Any individual will be able to access the news at no cost, typically, and will therefore be able to hold their leaders to account. Facilitating the consolidation of democracy through freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of information will go a long way to holding the leaders of developing nations accountable for their failures, which can often be overlooked by poorly informed citizens in some of these nation states.

With all of this said, there are still a host of considerations that need to be made before rolling out technologies. As those of us with Internet access already know, there are several dangers associated with online activity. Financial transactions, for example, while easier to conduct online, are far more susceptible to fraudulent actors and phishing than a cash transaction would be and cybercrime is becoming more and more prevalent as the Internet’s user base grows.

The media has also taken the spotlight in recent years as a victim of the digital migration. A new model that uses pay-per-click advertisements, for example, has replaced the sustainable subscription-based financial models that kept newspapers in business 20 years ago. The integrity of news stories has subsequently been compromised. The struggle to keep media outlets financially stable and profitable has resulted in a blurring of the lines for the ethical framework that is so crucial for the preservation of responsible journalism. This has resulted in the spread of misinformation and a general lack of trust in the media as a whole.

And when it comes to education and healthcare, who will be auditing classes to ensure that teachers are doing their jobs and that students are paying attention? And at what point do we say that a doctor needs to physically intervene in order to keep their patients healthy? These are just a few of the questions that will be raised over time.

And how can someone that is the victim of decades, if not centuries, of structural economic disenfranchisement understand what it would take to start a business purely through online services? For somebody that has received no formal education, barely has access to electricity and has lived in the same area for their entire life, taking advantage of various online facilities is not an easy task by any means. Breaking down barriers, educating and providing vocational training programs is fundamental to creating a foundation on top of which someone can truly take advantage of the power of the Internet.

The Ammbr team has been and will continue to build the foundations that will make this dream a reality.

AMR Trading

Further to our announcement on May 1st, the Ammbr team is pleased to inform all AMR token holders of the dates on which AMR trading will begin on the p2pb2b and Stex exchanges!

AMR trading start date on p2p2b2b ( Saturday May 25, 2019
AMR trading start date on Stex ( Friday May 31, 2019

Both AMR token holders and prospective purchasers/traders are encouraged to set up accounts on these exchanges, leading up to the trading start dates.

With AMR being listed on two exchanges right after its crowdsale, the Ammbr platform is gaining considerable momentum leading up to its first large-scale infrastructure rollouts in Canada and India.

Any questions about the AMR token and its exchange listings, as well as V1 and V2 coin swaps, may be asked in our Telegram chat at

Access To Electricity & The Internet Go Hand-In-Hand

One of the major stumbling blocks for the Ammbr team in our effort to extend broadband to roughly four billion people around the world is electricity, which is a scarce resource in many of the regions that we’re targeting.

In recent days, we have heard from members of the Ammbr community in South Africa about rolling blackouts throughout the country, which have come about as a result of the mismanagement of their state-owned electricity public utility. The blackouts are having a severe impact on the South African economy, partly because access to the Internet is impossible under these circumstances. The same holds true for many regions around the world where electricity is unreliable.

Roughly 1.2 billion people worldwide do not have access to electricity in their homes, and of these approximately 95% are located in Africa and Asia, according to a report from the University of Calgary.

The majority of those people that live “off-the-grid” are in rural areas (84%) and this is at its worst in South Sudan where only 2% of the population has access to electricity. In the USA, Canada, Australia and the vast majority of Europe, 100% of the population have access to electricity and such lack is mostly unknown except in disasters. In these countries the lack of Internet is also not a consideration, except in some rural areas. It goes without saying that this is a case of correlation and causation.

Africa has the lowest electricity penetration rates, as well as the worst Internet penetration rates, with only 36.1% of Africans having access to the Internet. The majority of its users come from Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, where 100% of the population has access to electricity. South Africa boasts the most Internet users, but energy penetration, despite their troubles, still stands at 83%.

The data is undeniable and this is why the Ammbr team has been working closely with partners that are pursuing decentralized electricity solutions such as Ubuntu Power and Illum Applied Technologies.  

Ubuntu Power designs and installs power, Internet and biogas solutions in remote villages in East Africa. Ammbr is collaborating on developing scalable micro-grid solutions that work seamlessly with the Ammbr telecommunications solution.

Illum Applied Technologies is developing a blockchain-based energy-trading marketplace, MyVPP, that will give homeowners the ability to generate or procure inexpensive energy at off-peak times and resell it back into the grid at peak times. Ammbr is providing telecommunications expertise and a secure IoT hub solution for myVPP.

These collaborations illustrate innovative ways we are integrating power solutions with Ammbr to also address the problem of access to electricity.

Our flagship product, which caters to installations where electricity supply is absent, is the Ammbr Hex Mesh router.

The HEX mesh solar router is an all-weather wireless telecommunications device that is effortless to set up for last mile Wi-Fi connectivity. It has long range Wi-Fi or TVWS backhaul, is spectrum agile,  and supports mesh networking. Furthermore, it’s setup is a simple plug and play process for people unfamiliar with networking and it includes strong security features. The Ammbr Hex Mesh Router can bring Internet access to countless people around the world who don’t have access to electricity. Catering towards those people’s needs alone will take us one giant leap closer towards narrowing the digital divide.

Ammbr Releases New Whitepaper

Our latest whitepaper has been published and we’re excited to provide details about what the Ammbr team has accomplished in recent months and the exciting times that lie ahead, including the upcoming crowdsale of our proprietary crypto asset, AMR.


Following our announcement of our partnership with Global Blockchain Mining Corp, the latest version of our whitepaper was published on 26 November. You can find the link to it here. The whitepaper provides details about a number of key factors that will determine the eventual success of our project.


We propose our solution to the Digital Divide and illustrate how we plan to address the disparity of Internet connectivity that causes it. The whitepaper also discusses how the Ammbr network will operate, how transactions will be conducted and we take a look at the three Ammbr Routers that will be going to market in the near future.


Finally, we have released new information about our upcoming crowdsale in January 2019.

We wish to thank our followers for all of their loyal support and we are eagerly anticipating the next phase of our project.

Ammbr Update

Dr. Arjuna Sathiaseelan, CEO Ammbr Research Labs

Silence at the proper season is wisdom, and better than any speech” – Plutarch

It has been a while since we last provided an update on what we are cooking up at Ammbr. Our long silence was intentional.

For the last 6 months we have been extremely productive, and we have made great strides in fascinating research and development. This includes building three versions of our Ammbr mesh router:

  • the Ammbr Hex outdoor router,
  • the Ammbr mobile mesh router, and
  • the Ammbr indoor router (first platter)

Kudos to our team for pushing these out in record time – this is nothing short of a miracle.

The team have also been carrying out specific trials to test aspects of our routers, and these early tests have been extremely positive and encouraging.

Our business development team have, at the same time, established significant collaborative and business partnerships. This includes signing an agreement with a telco in the Philippines to provide equipment for their fixed wireless infrastructure deployments. This is significant development considering that there is an urgent need within the blockchain community for commercial deployments. Ammbr will be the world’s first blockchain based wireless infrastructure that will be deployed by a national scale broadband provider.

The Ammbr Research Labs team continues to carry out various research activities, including carrying out blockchain deployments in one of the world’s largest mesh network, We have jointly evaluated a live deployment of Hyperledger Fabric in a large-scale wireless mesh network. The results of the work were presented at the Workshop on Cryptocurrencies and Blockchains for Distributed Systems at ACM Mobisys, a top tier systems conference. The paper, entitled “Towards Blockchain-enabled Wireless Mesh Networks”, won one of the best paper awards and we were invited to submit a larger evaluation paper to a leading journal.

As part of this exercise, we extended our work by exploring the plausibility of combining decentralized access networks with a permissioned blockchain running on servers inside the access network. This resulted in a model for:

  • an economically self-sustainable decentralized mesh access network
  • guaranteeing trust among participants
  • allowing economic profitability, and
  • enabling low cost Internet connectivity.

We studied the viability of such an approach, by evaluating two of the most prominent platforms for building local blockchain applications: Hyperledger Fabric (HLF) and Ethereum.

We deployed the Hyperledger Fabric and Ethereum platforms in the lab testbed as well as in a production wireless mesh network segment that is part of

The results showed critical aspects that can be optimized in both a Hyperledger Fabric and an Ethereum deployment, from the perspective of decentralized networks, where several components can prove to be bottlenecks and therefore put a limiting effect on the rate of the economic transactions in a mesh network. We analyzed the performance of both platforms using metrics such as transaction latency, CPU and memory utilization. The work has been documented and submitted as a journal paper, and is currently under peer review.

Significant effort has been put into building our first version of a smart contracts platform that enables micropayment-based Internet access within our Ammbr network. Early tests have been extremely promising. We will continue our R&D efforts in building a robust and scalable smart contracts platform, which will be fed into our main development pipeline early next year. We are currently evaluating the performance of our platform and documenting this as a research paper for a major conference.

In September, the Vice President of Technical Standards at Qualcomm, Lorenzo Casaccia, visited our research group in UPC Barcelona. We discussed the current ongoing work at Ammbr and showcased our smart contracts platform as well as our lab testbeds. We also had fruitful discussions with Lorenzo on how Ammbr has positioned itself within the 5G era. Lorenzo praised our efforts afterwards. (

Ammbr Research Labs team with Lorenzo Casaccia (VP, Qualcomm)

Our Cape Town team was part of the winning consortium of the Telecom Infra Project’s Open Cellular Grant. The UCT team in the Centre in Information and Communications Technologies for Development (ICT4D), iNethi and Ammbr Research Labs South Africa are conducting a pilot programme which will, by the end of the year, connect the 25,000 strong Ocean View community to a host of opportunities through localised services and Internet access.

Ammbr mesh routers, combined with open-cellular base stations, will be used to overcome the high costs of connectivity and access to content. 

Dr. David Johnson and his team in Cape Town

 Residents will be able to share their music, videos, news and learning materials for free within the community. They’ll also be able to connect with each other through a chat service similar to WhatsApp. Access to the internet will be offered in due course, at a much cheaper rate than current options.

We continue to work with our collaborators and key industry and academic partners and we are in the process of submitting several R&D grants to the EU H2020 programme as well as to international funding calls.

The Ammbr team is highly committed to deliver the necessary technology as well as the economic foundations for enabling universal Internet access and we have ensured our future technology development and partnerships roadmap is well aligned to meet our ambitious vision. Our work will continue…

The ones who are crazy enough to think they can change the world, are the ones that do.” — Anonymous

Ammbr’s growth: Where have we been?

Ammbr has been growing at a steady rate in recent months and we are excited to let you know about our progress and the hard work being put in by our ever-expanding team.

After extensive collaboration last year, the Ammbr Foundation licensed AmmbrTech to develop and manufacture the first Ammbr blockchain mesh wifi routers. AmmbrTech has demonstrated its abilities and the team has grown significantly, as we recruited experts from around the world that are committed to Ammbr’s vision.

Our team comprises of industry leaders with a wealth of experience in our various fields. But, even more importantly, our team believes in Ammbr’s vision and have already demonstrated their expertise, as well as their drive to ensure that we succeed and meet our goals with distinction, both in developing our state of the art technology as well as using that technology to empower billions of people around the world.

The hardware and software development of the Ammbr router is ongoing. To better support the strategy of collaboration with academia and existing community networks, Ammbr Research Labs has been established as a subsidiary of AmmbrTech, under the management of Dr. Arjuna Sathiaseelan in Cambridge, UK. Ammbr Research Labs brings together existing, peer-reviewed and widely acknowledged work from the diverse R&D team. The team has collectively released over a thousand peer-reviewed research publications and open source technologies. They are steadfast in setting the benchmark for blockchain based mesh networks. Several pilot trials of the technology are scheduled for Europe, Africa and Asia starting in Q2 of 2018.

We are also releasing the first commercial piece of hardware shortly – a hardware wallet capable of storing cryptographic tokens. The new device – a bitcoin hardware wallet in its first release – is scheduled for launch in Q2 2018. This hardware wallet represents the first in a line of private key management tools to ensure security and a comprehensive, self-sovereign digital identity and digital asset framework for Ammbr users.

Beyond our technological aspirations, the Ammbr Foundation is as determined as ever to engage with all stakeholders to ensure that our product finds its way into the hands of those who truly need it – the 4.1 billion people without access to reliable internet. Our governmental interactions, as well as grassroots community support for early deployment trials are going extremely well, and we are receiving wholehearted support.

Looking ahead, Ammbr is working on laying the proper foundations for the creation of a fully decentralized telecommunications network, with edge computing capabilities at scale, and an overlaying economic framework that supports a wide variety of applications across multiple sectors.
As we work towards that, we will continue to make use of our existing partnerships with several community networks. We are already working with these communities in co-designing our core platform offering. Through these networks, we hope to ensure rapid early adoption across half a million potential users within the first year.

To learn more about us, please continue following us on social media platforms, as well as, for more updates.

Ammbr: The Free and Open Internet

Arjuna Sathiaseelan –

Recent weeks have witnessed constant media attention surrounding Federal Communications Commission (FCC)’ s plans to dismantle the 2015 FCC Open Internet Order [1] that mandates “net neutrality” – that all internet content be treated equally. The order banned operators from throttling traffic and prohibited operators from offering so called “fast lanes” to organisations willing to pay extra to reach consumers more quickly than competitors. FCC’s argument was that repealing net neutrality will offer consumers tiered plans, with greater ability to choose an Internet access plan that meets the consumer’s needs. FCC argues that in the last two years the 2015 order has stifled innovation and has delayed deployment of new services due to the “heavy handed utility style” regulatory environment dictated by the 2015 order leading to fallen broadband investments [2]. This has led to widespread criticisms from net neutrality purists, who believe that all Internet traffic should be treated equally. Their concern is that network operators prioritising certain applications or services could provide an unfair market advantage to larger service providers, while shutting out smaller firms.

The net neutrality debate certainly applies to the Internet economies in the West, but it’s yet to be seen whether the same goes for emerging economies where there is little local competition in the first place. These economies suffer from local monopoly or oligopoly due to lack of competition – a main reason for inflated internet access costs. High Internet access subscription costs is one of the major reasons cited for why only 51% of the world’s population are online i.e. ~3 billion people without Internet access.

Providing a means for new firms to enter the market in a fair manner can create the right environment leading to reduced costs – but this requires a better regulatory environment too. The need for a free and open Internet has led to several calls to “end our reliance on big telecom monopolies and build decentralized, affordable, locally owned Internet infrastructure” [3].

Enter Ammbr

Ammbr’s vision is to build the world’s largest fully decentralised, self-sustainable, wireless mesh telecommunications network using blockchain technology. Using this network, Ammbr will compete with centralised legacy telecommunications distribution models to provide universal fast Internet access. Ammbr combines wireless advances with the emerging technology of blockchain to bridge the last-mile gap that traditional cable and telecom wireless systems handle poorly.

Specific reasons why Ammbr will adhere to the net neutrality rules providing a free and open Internet:

  1. Ammbr provides a fully decentralised and distributed last mile access where all Ammbr node providers are owners of the network with no centralized control. The Ammbr infrastructure will be federated by a Decentralised Autonomous Organisation (DAO) that resides in every node ensuring the Ammbr network provides access to both local and global services in a free (freedom) and open manner. The DAO will thus ensure that every node in the Ammbr network fulfills these mandatory rules. Any node that does not comply to the rules set by the DAO, will be not be able to participate in the consensus process and will be eventually removed from the network.
  2. The mesh capabilities of the Ammbr network ensures that there are multiple paths for accessing both the local and global Internet services.
  3. Freedom and openness is also promoted in terms of open collaboration, open access and open participation – through Ammbr Foundation’s (a non profit foundation) motivation to open source both the hardware and the software of the Ammbr technology. This enables anyone to adopt our technology and be part of the Ammbr network utilizing their own adaptations and implementations.
  4. Ammbr’s strong collaboration and partnership with community network operators such as in Catalunya (the world’s largest community network in the world), Ninux in Italy etc ensures the commitment with neutrality, freedom and open access to Internet and its services are always preserved.

As a last mile infrastructure, Ammbr will provide neutral, free and open Internet access. However, Ammbr does not have any control of the backhaul or the core of the Internet – where certain restrictions might be placed for accessing specific content e.g. Internet censorship in certain countries. Ammbr has to abide by the legal rules and regulations set by the governments. This also leads to interesting challenges that Ammbr must address – the decentralization of both the access and service infrastructures will enable any content/services to run on an Ammbr network. Thus the DAO rules should ensure that the Ammbr network and its services are always federated according to country specific rules and regulations.


  1. FCC Releases Open Internet Order,, March 2015.
  2. Restoring Internet Freedom, FCC Fact Sheet, November 2017.
  3. To Save Net Neutrality, We Must Build Our Own Internet,, November 2017.



Ammbr is an initiative to build scalable and resilient infrastructure to deal with the so-called “last mile” connectivity problem. More than half the world’s population – according to the ITU some 3.9 Billion – is not connected, or has consistently bad Internet connectivity. Solving this problem is therefore a crucial factor in overcoming a host of societal and economic imbalances.

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